Silk is the natural fibre composed by the salivary glands of silkworms, which feeds on mulberry bushes.
Silkworms are caterpillars, not worms, and they are a type of moth.
They rotate their cocoons using a complicated set of operations within their bodies when they transition from larva into pupa.
The silk in a Thai silk neck scarf is produced by Thai silkworms raised on mulberry leaves by weavers in Thailand, located on the Korat Plateau in the country’s northeast region.
Chaiyaphum is just north of the Korat district.
Organic silk is bumpy and irregular. The finished cocoon is pulled from the mulberry bush and arranged in a vat of boiling water, which separates the silk thread of the cocoon from the silkworm inside.
The silk that Thai’s silkworms create has a vast colour range, from light gold to light green.
A single cocoon is composed of one thread that is 500-1,500 meters long. Single filaments are too delicate to use alone, so a collection threads are combined to make thicker and practical filaments.
Weavers wash these organic silk fibres, bleach them, then soak them in vats of boiling dyes. Afterwards, they rinse the silk thread, stretch it, and place the fibres through a final dying process.
Ultimately, the weavers curls the threads onto spools in preparation for weaving, performing traditional hand operated looms.
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